[ History: This article first appeared on the AnimalsVote.org News website March 2, 2014. This is the Thirteenth installment in an ongoing report – you can catch up on the story with the earlier posts linked below ]
- Part one: FDA Warns Pets Being Poisoned by Treats: Manufacturers Refusing Recall
- Part two: FDA Requiring Pet Owners To Pay For Results Of Tainted Treat Testing
- Part three: Reports of Pet illnesses to FDA Increase, Hundreds More Dogs Fall ill
- Part four: Document Leaked to Consumers Outlines FDA Tests on CJT
- Part five: FDA Denies Reports That Chicken Jerky Toxin has been Pin-pointed
- Part six: Chinese Officials Strongarm FDA
- Part seven: Tainted Dog Treats Spur Senator To Propose Consumer Notification Reform
- Part eight: FDA’s Count of Jerky Treat Casualties Reaches 2,200
- Part nine: Nestle Purina and Del Monte Voluntarily Recall Jerky Treats
- Part ten: Recalling the Chicken Jerky Recall.
- Part eleven: The Best Christmas Gift for Your Dog This Year
- Part twelve: Chicken Jerky Makes a Comeback – What Does That Mean for Your Pet?
- Pet owners fighting Nestle Purina, Del Monte, and other Chicken Jerky Treat suppliers over the poisoning of their pets received new evidence in February to bolster their claims.
WHEN PETS FIRST started dying as a result of eating Chicken Jerky treats and the FDA began looking for a cause, some pet owners took matters into their own hands. Many of them saved the remainder of the treats they believed had killed their pets as evidence. Those with veterinary records documenting their pet’s sickness and death eventually submitted samples to Kendal Harr, DVM, who managed to get the samples tested at the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets (NYSDAM).
This month, a year after the samples were submitted, the lab began mailing out the results of those tests. So far, every sample sent in for independent testing has come back positive for more than one of the six sulfon-amide-containing illegal antibiotics the FDA identified last February (Enrofloxacin, Sulfaclozine, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfquinoxaline, Tilmicosin, and Trimethoprim), after scores of tests that looked at everything from melamine to gelatin. The FDA discovery of the illegal antibiotics prompted a voluntary recall of the treats by manufacturers.
None of the pet owners are surprised by the results,because they’ve known right along that whatever killed their pets would turn up in the samples…once scientists knew what they were looking for.
The sulfa drugs are thought to have contaminated the meat during farming, when they were included in chicken feed. Trimethoprim, tilmicosin, enrofloxacin, sulfaclozine, and sulfamethoxazole are not allowed in chicken at any level but the FDA had found them in levels as high as 2800 ng/g (ppb). Sulfaquinoxaline was found in chicken jerky treats as high as 800 ng/g, which is well above the U.S.FDA tolerance of 100 ng/g.
So far, the independently tested dog treats have all tested positive for varying amounts of Sulfaclozine, Sulfaquinoxaline, Enrofloxacin, Sulfamethoxazole, Trimethoprim: the independently tested cat treats have tested positive for Enrofloxacin and Tilmicosin. The results bear out the veracity of pet owner’s claims.
Although the FDA still has fallen short of stating that these illegal antibiotics are what sickened thousands of pets, it has become increasingly hard to ignore the facts:
- The Chicken Jerky Treats (CJT) were recalled because they were proven to be tainted by illegal antibiotics.
- The levels were reported as trace (therefore not harmful) but the levels were much higher than reported, as evidenced in the FOIA request.
- CJT are “linked” (per the FDA wording) to Fanconi-like illness and death in dogs.
- Dogs with a sulfa antibiotic sensitivity react to high levels with Fanconi-like symptoms.
- The adulterant antibiotics are those fed in farming, so the drugs were in the chickens– not a result of the processing. Therefore, each individual piece would have varying levels, accounting for the inconsistencies in testing and the differences in the way pets were affected.
- Sulfa-drugs are illegal in animal feed in the US because of the high instance of hyper sensitivity, but all of the questionable chicken jerky had been produced in China. After the B-lactams antibiotics, (penicillins and cephalosporins), sulfon-amide-containing antibiotics are among the most frequent causes of drug reactions.
Pet safety has been compromised long enough, reliant on the actions of pet treat manufacturers who are concerned only with profits. Instead of considering consumer complaints might be an indication of something gone wrong, they have continued to deny culpability and were excruciatingly slow to recall. Because no warnings were posted in stores while the FDA investigated, many more pets died because owners were uninformed.
There are still pet owners every day finding out the hard way, as their pets fall ill.
Dr. Harr is the vet behind the AMVA resolution asking that the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) adopt the following position on Jerky Pet Treats:
Jerky pet treats are not necessary for adequate nutrition. Adulterants have been found in jerky pet treats, and to mitigate the risk that the pet may become sick and potentially die from ingesting them, the AVMA discourages the feeding of jerky pet treats until further information on their safety is available. Veterinarians are encouraged to report suspected jerky pet treat-related illnesses to the FDA, and to prominently utilize a display and notification summary similar to the requirements reflected in Section 211 of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act.
CALL TO ACTION: Please share the following link with your vet and ask your vet to sign the AVMA resolution. https://www.facebook.com/groups/342467355771185/permalink/730576086960308/